Living with depression is hard. We understand how overwhelming and debilitating it can be. The constant feeling of sadness, hopelessness, and lack of motivation can make everyday tasks seem impossible. However, with the right treatment and support, it is possible to overcome depression and live a fulfilling life. We will dive into the world of depression therapy and explore the different types of depression, causes, diagnosis, treatment options, coping strategies, and finding the right therapist to treat depression.

Introduction to Depression Therapy

Depression therapy, also known as psychotherapy, is a form of treatment that involves talking with a therapist to address and manage symptoms of depression. Therapy is usually one on one or in a group. The goal of depression therapy is to help individuals understand and manage their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, and develop coping skills to improve their quality of life.

Understanding Depression

Depression is a mental health disorder that affects about 280 million people worldwide. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable. Clinical depression is a more severe form of depression that can interfere with daily life and cause physical symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and appetite changes. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of depression to seek proper treatment.


Some common signs of depression include:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness or emptiness
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Changes in appetite or weight
  • Insomnia or oversleeping
  • Thoughts of self-harm or suicide

Types of Depression

There are several different types of depression, each with its own set of symptoms and treatment options. The most common types of depression include:

Major Depressive Disorder

Major depressive disorder, also known as clinical depression, is a severe form of depression that lasts for at least two weeks. It can affect daily life and cause physical symptoms such as fatigue, changes in appetite, and difficulty sleeping. Treatment for major depressive disorder typically involves a combination of medication and therapy.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia, is a mild but long-term form of depression that lasts for two years or more. Treatment for persistent depressive disorder may involve therapy, medication, or a combination of both.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that occurs during the winter months when there is less sunlight. It can cause symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and social withdrawal. Treatment for seasonal affective disorder may involve light therapy, medication, or therapy.

Causes of Depression

Depression can be caused by a combination of biological, genetic, and environmental factors. Some common causes of depression include:

Biological Factors

Changes in brain chemistry, hormones, and neurotransmitters can contribute to the development of depression. Research has shown that individuals with depression have lower levels of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and norepinephrine.

Genetic Factors

Depression can also run in families, suggesting that there is a genetic component to the disorder. Studies have shown that individuals with a family history of depression are more likely to develop the disorder themselves. Scientists report that as many as 40 percent of those with depression can trace it to a genetic link.

Environmental Factors

Stressful life events, such as the loss of a loved one, financial difficulties, or relationship problems, can trigger depression. Trauma, abuse, and neglect can also contribute to the development of depression.

Psychological Factors

Negative thinking patterns and a history of trauma or abuse can contribute to the development of depression. Individuals who have experienced significant stress or trauma may be more vulnerable to developing depression.

Diagnosis of Depression

Diagnosing depression typically involves a psychological evaluation and screening tools such as the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 is a self-assessment tool that is used to evaluate the severity of depression symptoms. A score of 10 or higher on the PHQ-9 suggests that an individual may be experiencing depression and may benefit from treatment. You can find the PHQ-9 and other self-assessment tools under self-assessments on our homepage.

Treatment Options for Depression

There are several different treatment options for depression, including medication, therapy, and alternative treatments. The most common forms of treatment include:

CBT diagramTherapy

Therapy can be done in a one-on-one setting or in a group. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered one of the best approaches used to treat depression. CBT focuses on changing negative thinking patterns and developing positive coping skills to manage symptoms of depression. Other types of therapy that may be used to treat depression include interpersonal therapy (IPT), a brief highly structured form of therapy where the therapist will help the patient understand interpersonal conflicts to improve interpersonal situations. Dialectical behavior therapy, (DBT) is based on the principles of CBT, the key difference being individuals confront their negative thoughts and behaviors and learn how to regulate reactions to stressful events using the practice of validation. Psychodynamic therapy is a therapy that focuses on unresolved, usually unconscious conflicts, often originating in childhood.


Antidepressant medication can help alleviate symptoms of depression by regulating neurotransmitters in the brain. Some common types of antidepressants include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). Contact your medical doctor to see if medication is an option for you.

Alternative Treatments

Alternative treatments such as exercise, meditation, and acupuncture may also be helpful in managing symptoms of depression. However, it is important to discuss these options with a mental health professional before incorporating them into a treatment plan.

How Depression Therapy Works

Depression therapy works by helping individuals understand and manage their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Therapists work with individuals to develop coping skills and strategies to manage symptoms of depression. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that is commonly used to treat depression. CBT focuses on changing negative thinking patterns and developing coping skills to manage symptoms of depression. Interpersonal therapy (IPT) is another type of therapy that focuses on improving interpersonal relationships and communication skills.

Finding the Right Therapist for Depression Therapy

Finding the right therapist is an important part of depression treatment. It is important to find a therapist who is trained in treating depression and with who you feel comfortable working. Some ways to find a therapist include asking for a referral from a primary care physician, using an online therapist directory, or asking for recommendations from friends and family.

Coping with Depression

In addition to therapy and medication, there are several self-care strategies that can help manage symptoms of depression. Some self-care strategies include:


Getting enough sleep is important for managing symptoms of depression. It is recommended to aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night.


Regular exercise can help alleviate symptoms of depression by releasing endorphins, which are natural mood boosters.

Healthy Eating

Eating a healthy, balanced diet can help improve mood and energy levels.

Social Support

Having a support system of friends and family can help alleviate feelings of isolation and loneliness.

Dealing with Relapse and Staying on Track

Depression can be a chronic condition, and relapse is common. It is important to have a plan in place for managing symptoms of depression and preventing relapse. Staying on track with treatment, practicing self-care, and staying connected with a support system will help prevent relapse.

Take Away

Depression is a common mental health disorder that can be overwhelming and debilitating. However, with the right treatment and support, it is possible to overcome depression and live a fulfilling life. Depression therapy is a valuable tool for managing symptoms of depression and developing coping skills to improve quality of life. If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, seek help from a mental health professional. Start depression therapy today to begin your journey toward recovery.